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Journal of archaeology and ancient architecture

Tag Archives: Iconography.

Sull’identificazione di un gruppo fittile arcaico dal santuario di San Biagio della Venella (Metaponto)

Author: F. De Stefano

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The statues under study come from the sanctuary of San Biagio alla Venella, in the territory of Metaponto, and precisely from a votive deposit located inside it. For technical reasons and for their iconographic characteristics, these statues are linked by a common denominator. On the other hand, in light of these same connotations, they differ from all the other known products which constitute the corpus of the metapontine clay statuary and, more generally, from those of the Ionic area. This research proposes a specific examination of the three statues, aimed at a better understanding of their chronology and stylistic profile and their symbolic values. In particular, an exegetical aspect that will be explored concerns the hypothesis that the statues belonged to an unitary semantic system, that is to a group.

A Bronze Belt from Kavousi

Author: E. Pappalardo

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This work is aimed to re-analyse figured bronze fragments found in the tholos tomb at Kavousi (Crete) by Harriet Boyd in 1900. Since the time of the discovery, the “Kavousi Bronze Plaque” was at the centre of several studies concerning artistic relationships and reciprocal influences between Aegean, Crete in particular, and Near East in the early 1st millennium BC. Interest was mostly addressed to the rich figural decoration through parallel registers, formed by subjects (lords of the animals, sphinxes, griffins) belonging to the Oriental iconographic repertoire but, contemporaneously, well attested in early Iron Age Crete. The attention focused on the plate’s decorative pattern, which has comparisons from other sites of the island (Knossos, Idaean Cave, Eleutherna, Prinias) made almost neglected the nature of the object itself, fundamental for the reconstruction of its meaning. Through the exam of decorative features, the fragments’ borders and the characteristic distribution of the holes along the plate’s rims, and thanks to systematic comparisons with the contemporary Eastern production, it is possible and plausible as well to reconstruct the “Kavousi plate” as a belt. This would be inspired by a Urartian prototype of 9th/8th cent. BC, later quite spread though neighbour Eastern Mediterranean regions.