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Journal of archaeology and ancient architecture

Tag Archives: Crete

Considerazioni cronologiche e topografiche sull’impianto della necropoli di Kalyvia presso Festòs

Author: S. Privitera

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The necropolis of Kalyvia was explored in 1901 to the North of the Phaistos hill. In spite of its early publication (1904), several pieces of information regarding the find-spots of the ceramic assemblages as well as the data on the structure of the various tombs remained ill-defined or unknown. Drawing on a fresh reading of Stephanos Xanthoudidis’ original fieldnotes, it is now possible to carry out a critical reappraisal of the necropolis. This will help reconstruct the single funerary assemblages and will enable to contextualize Kalyvia within the western Messara and to set it within the political framework of the LM II-IIIA2 early Knossian state. In this paper, in particular, an unpublished jug is presented, that is interpreted as an LM II heirloom discovered in the famous warrior grave inside tomb 8.

A Bronze Belt from Kavousi

Author: E. Pappalardo

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This work is aimed to re-analyse figured bronze fragments found in the tholos tomb at Kavousi (Crete) by Harriet Boyd in 1900. Since the time of the discovery, the “Kavousi Bronze Plaque” was at the centre of several studies concerning artistic relationships and reciprocal influences between Aegean, Crete in particular, and Near East in the early 1st millennium BC. Interest was mostly addressed to the rich figural decoration through parallel registers, formed by subjects (lords of the animals, sphinxes, griffins) belonging to the Oriental iconographic repertoire but, contemporaneously, well attested in early Iron Age Crete. The attention focused on the plate’s decorative pattern, which has comparisons from other sites of the island (Knossos, Idaean Cave, Eleutherna, Prinias) made almost neglected the nature of the object itself, fundamental for the reconstruction of its meaning. Through the exam of decorative features, the fragments’ borders and the characteristic distribution of the holes along the plate’s rims, and thanks to systematic comparisons with the contemporary Eastern production, it is possible and plausible as well to reconstruct the “Kavousi plate” as a belt. This would be inspired by a Urartian prototype of 9th/8th cent. BC, later quite spread though neighbour Eastern Mediterranean regions.

Dreros e Priniàs: nuovi dati e prospettive di ricerca sulla polis a Creta

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02-13The present paper focuses on Priniàs and Dreros. These two Cretan sites show both analogies and differences concerning the construction and development of the civic and religious spaces during the Iron Age and the Archaic period. Furthermore, they allow to investigate the birth of the polis temple in connection with both the rise of an urban entity around an open space (agora) and the socio-political changes carrying from the Geometric society to archaic polis community. Furthermore, the paper underlines the importance of the new archaeological investigations of areas and buildings already excavated over the past century, which often allow a new reading of the archaeological evidence.

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